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Measuring Behavior

Measuring Behavior in People with Intellectual Disability and Down Syndrome

No.9 dark-over-light-earth, 1954 Mark RothkoBehavior Checklists and Symptom Rating Scales
The assessment of persons with ID who may have a neurobehavioral or psychiatric disorder presents many challenges. Affected individuals themselves are often unable to verbally self-report the symptoms of a mental health disorder. Caregivers are frequently the primary and most valuable source of information about a person’s
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Medical Conditions

Common Medical Conditions and Behavioral Impact in Children with Down Syndrome

red-on-maroon, 1959 Mark RothkoSeizures
In Down syndrome, the incidence of seizures during the first year of life approaches 3-5%, especially infantile spasms.  DS infants with difficult-to-control IS or those in whom recognition and treatment is delayed frequently have a poorer developmental outcome. Rarely, tonic-clonic seizures or myoclonus, are encountered beyond the first year.  Compared to their typical DS peers, young children with DS + IS
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Mental Health

Mental Health in People with Down syndrome

untitled, 1963 Mark RotkoPsychiatric or mental health disorders are not unusual in persons with intellectual disability (ID). The term dual-diagnosis refers to a person with intellectual disability and a psychiatric or mental health disorder. In the past, the notion that persons with ID could also have co-existing mental illness was not generally accepted on theoretical grounds. It was widely held that all behavioral disturbance was inherently linked to cognitive impairment in persons... Read more

Sleep Concerns

Sleep Concerns in Children with Down Syndrome

black-on-maroon, 1958 Mark RothkoSleep, behavior and mental health are all intimately related and can influence each other. The relationship between sleep and behavior is complex and causality runs in both directions. Children with Down syndrome (DS) who have high levels of activity or anxiety may display difficult behavior with bedtime routines. Such children are more likely to have insomnia and problems initiating and/or maintaining consistently restful... Read more


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